Higher Study Options for PCB Stream

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

M.B.B.S. or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is composed of 2 Words, M.B. - 'Medicinae Baccalaureus' (Bachelor of Medicine in Latin) and B.S. - 'Bachelor of Surgery' (in English). Though the name suggests 2 separate degrees, however it is only 1 degree. It is an Undergraduate Academic Degree Course dealing with Medicine and Surgery. The Duration of M.B.B.S. course extends over a period of 4 1⁄2 academic years which are divided into 9 semesters. Each semester is of 6 months duration. After the completion of academic study, a candidate has to complete 1 year of compulsory rotating internship. Each semester consists of approximately 120 teaching days. All over the duration of M.B.B.S. is 5 1⁄2 years.

M.B.B.S is required to become a Doctor in Allopathic Medicine. Candidates are given an in depth and proper knowledge of human body through theory, practical experience in dissection of bodies and observing various types of surgeries.

  • Duration: 51⁄2 Years
  • Level: Post Graduation
  • Type: Degree
  • Eligibility:10+2 with 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Bio

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery

B.A.M.S. or Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery is an undergraduate Ayurvedic courses which is awarded after successful completion of a five and a half years program or course that covers the study of the integrated system of modern medicine and traditional ayurveda. The full 51⁄2 years duration of the degree includes one year of internship also. The degree course covers the study of modern anatomy, physiology, principles of medicine, social and preventive medicine, pharmacology, toxicology, forensic medicine, botany, ENT, principles of surgery, etc. along with ayurvedic topics.

Ayurvedacharya recognition is given to the recipient of a Bachelor’s Degree of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery (B.A.M.S) and the degree holders can use the title Vaidyar before their name (abbreviated as Vr).

  • Duration: 5 Years
  • Level: Graduation
  • Type: Degree
  • Eligibility: 10+2

Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery

B.H.M.S. or Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery is an undergraduate Homoeopathic Medical course. Homoeopathy is a holistic system of medicine which is based on treating the individual with highly diluted substances given in mainly tablet form, which triggers the body’s natural system of healing. The duration of B.H.M.S. is 51⁄2 years which includes internship.

Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery degree as a holistic alternative medicine degree provides basic and in depth knowledge of the Homoeopathic medicinal system. Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery can also be pursued through correspondence or through distance education program.

  • Duration: 51⁄2 Years
  • Level: Graduation
  • Type: Degree
  • Eligibility: 10+2 Bachelor in Unani Medicine (BUMS)

The Bachelor in Unani Medicine and Surgery

The Bachelor in Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS) is also known as Kamil-e-Tib-o-Jarahat. This program is yet another option for those electing to get an undergraduate degree in alternative medicine. BUMS, like all alternative medical undergraduate programs that fall into the AYUSH category - Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy - is monitored by the Central Council of Indian Medicine. Unani focuses on four different treatment therapies in its field: massage, diuresis, Turkish bath, pharmaco-therapy, diet therapy, purging, regimental therapy venasection, exercise; use of herbal, animal and mineral drugs, and surgery.

B.U.M.S (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) is an alternative medical system based on the relation of natural elements: fire, water, earth and air with the human body. It is a system of medicine practiced in parts of India, thought to be derived via medieval Muslim Physicians from Byzantine Greece as per Oxford Dictionary.

Bachelor of Dental Surgery

B.D.S. or Bachelor of Dental Surgeryis an undergraduate Dentistry course. The duration of Bachelor of Dental Surgery course is 4-5 years of study with internship and without internship. The B.D.S. course is divided into 2 or more semesters. The course can be pursued either as a Full Time Graduate Course or Part Time Graduate Course i.e. through Correspondence or Distance Education depending upon one’s choice.

After M.B.B.S., Bachelor of Dental Surgery is one the most sought after course in the field of medical science. B.D.S. enables one to become a Dentist. Dental Courses comprise didactic lectures, demonstrations, group discussions, seminars, clinical work and conferences. Aspiring candidates learn about various forms of treatment including Surgical Procedures, Dental materials, Dental anatomy & Oral histology, Oral Pathology, Community Dentistry, Pedodontics, Oral Medicine & Radiology etc. which are some of the topics that are generally taught. There are various Dental Schools and Dental Colleges which impart the education of bachelor in dentistry.

  • Duration: 4 Years
  • Level: Graduation
  • Type: Degree
  • Eligibility: 10+2

Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry

B.V.Sc. & A.H. or Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry is an undergraduate Veterinary Science professional course. Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry is the application of medical, diagnostic, and therapeutic principles to various types of animals. In other words, Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc. & A.H.) is a course which deals with curing, treating as well as studying the various diseases occurring in animals and birds, thus studying the physiology of the animals in detail.

The Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc. & A.H.) degree course covers the study of subjects like Veterinary Anatomy & Histology, Veterinary Physiology, Veterinary Biochemistry, Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, Veterinary Parasitology, etc. The degree course is awarded after successfully completing a 41⁄2 to 5 years program of study.

  • Duration: 5 Years
  • Level: Graduation
  • Type: Degree
  • Eligibility: 10+2

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences

Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences (B.N.Y.S.) is a medical graduation in naturopathy and yoga. The total tenure of the course is 5 and 1/2 years (4 and 1/2+1). This is a unique medical graduation combining the knowledge of modern medicine and the wisdom of traditional medicine.

The Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences (BNYS) is a medical degree graduation program course. This course covers the study of both naturopathy and modern medicine as integrative medicine and therapeutic yoga or yoga medicine MD (Naturopathy), MD (Yoga) and MD (Acupuncture). The curriculum is taught in English with additional language to it as Sanskrit too by several Medical Universities.

BNYS medical graduates are equivalent to MBBS medical graduate as more than half of the curriculum is same as MBBS. A graduate in Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences (BNYS) possesses knowledge of yoga therapy as well as practice besides getting a big advantage in the job market.

Bachelor of Physiotherapy

BPT or Bachelor of Physiotherapy is an undergraduate Academic Course in a Medical Science Field known as Physiotherapy. Physiotherapy uses physical agents like exercise, massage and other modalities for providing treatment to those patients whose movement and function are threatened by ageing, injury, disease or environmental factors. The duration of BPT is 41⁄2 years including internship of 6 months.

Physical Therapy Programs provide core skills like manual therapy, therapeutic exercise and the application of electro physical modalities, to the prospective students. There are various Physical Therapy Colleges which offer Physiotherapy Courses. Physical Therapy Degree Course is especially meant for those who have compassion for the sick or injured. Physiotherapy is very challenging and demanding as one may need to work for long hours and have tremendous patience as some patients may not respond to immediate treatment. Apart from rigorous education, one needs to have lots of physical stamina because of the nature of the work. An individual seeking a physical therapy career should have excellent interpersonal skills in order to get the best from his patients.

  • Duration: 41⁄2 Years
  • Level: Graduation
  • Type: Degree
  • Eligibility:10+2 or Equivalent

Integrated M.Sc

M.Sc. and Integrated M.Sc. courses are related in some way but they are different in their level of studies. Integrated M.Sc. is a long term course compared to M.Sc. courses. M.Sc. is a higher option study after B.Sc. degree in related subjects. Integrated M.Sc. is different from this and is a course that can be done after higher secondary education. There are a number of universities and colleges which offer M.Sc. as well as Integrated M.Sc. in India. Aspirants can choose the branch of study according to their area of interest.

Integrated Master of Science is also a degree course equivalent to M.Sc. It can be pursued after the higher secondary education. This integrated degree course is offered by many Universities in India nowadays. It is getting popularity among many youngsters. The minimum educational qualification needed for this course is a pass in 12th or equivalent from any reputed institutes in related subjects. The minimum percentage required in qualifying examination will vary according to the universities and subject of study. Integrated M.Sc. is a five year program that includes theoretical and practical sessions. The career after Integrated M.Sc. seems to be very high. A number of industries recruit the candidates who have pursued their degree in Integrated M.Sc.

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

B.Sc Nursing or Bachelor of Science in Nursing is a 4-year undergraduate course, the minimum eligibility criterion for which is the successful completion of 10+2 level of education in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. B.Sc Nursing admission is based on entrance exams held between April-June, conducted by respective B.Sc. Nursing colleges.

The objective of the B.Sc. Nursing Syllabus is to demonstrate competency in the knowledge and skills in providing comprehensive nursing care based on the problem-solving approach in the hospital and community. B.Sc Nursing career options include employment in areas like hospitals, nursing homes, clinics and health departments, railways and defense etc.

  • Duration: 4 Years
  • Level: Graduation, Semester System
  • Type: Degree
  • Eligibility:10+2 in Physics, Chemistry, Biology

Bachelor of Science in Dairy Technology

B.Sc. Dairy Technologyor Bachelor of Science in Dairy Technology is an undergraduate Agriculture Science and Technology course. Dairy technology is a part of science, dealing with the processing of milk and its products. It deals with the study of packaging, processing, transportation, storage and distribution of dairy products by implying the science of biochemistry, bacteriology and nutrition. Apart from that, some principles of chemistry, physics, engineering and economics are also included in the eld of dairy technology, to develop the proper utilization of milk and its products.

The study also includes various experiments of effects of different kinds of feed, environmental conditions of milk production and several types of research regarding the prevention of wastage and damage of milk and milk products. The course is of three years duration and is job orienting in nature.

  • Duration: 3 Years
  • Level: Graduation
  • Type: Degree
  • Eligibility: 10+2

Bachelor of Science in Home Science

B.Sc. Home Scienceor Bachelor of Science in Home Science is an undergraduate Home Science professional course. Home Science covers the study of the various sciences that involve nutrition, health and growth measures including the science that deals with the surroundings and environment.

The degree course mainly comprises of the study of the major topics of Home Science like Food Science, Fundamentals of Resource Management, Foundations of Human Development, Introduction to Fabric and Apparel Science, Foundations of Food and Nutrition, etc. In other words, B.Sc. (Home Science) is a degree course that includes the study of many disciplines such as chemistry, physics, physiology, biology, hygiene, economics, rural development, child development, sociology and family relations, community living, art, food, nutrition, clothing, textiles and home management. The duration of the course three years and the syllabus for the course is divided into six semesters.

  • Duration: 3 Years
  • Level: Graduation
  • Type: Degree
  • Eligibility:10+2 or Equivalent

Bachelor of Pharmacy

B.Pharm. or Bachelor of Pharmacy is an undergraduate Pharmacy course. Pharmacy is the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines. The duration of B.Pharm. is four years whose curriculum is covered in a number of 6-8 Semesters, varying from institute to institute. B.Pharm. curriculum provides valuable knowledge of health care and bio chemical science. Students are expected to perform a number of experiments along with theory classes.

Pharmacy education and profession in India up to graduate level is regulated by the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI), a statutory body governed by the provisions of the Pharmacy Act, 1948 passed by the Indian Parliament. Bachelor Degree in Pharmacy enables one to practice the profession of a Pharmacist.

  • Duration: 4 Years
  • Level: Graduation
  • Type: Degree
  • Eligibility: 10+2


Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary branch of science which is popular among youngsters as it is providing ample opportunities for those who want to explore the new and modern frontiers of science. It does not refer to a specific industry or job. The applications of Biotechnology is vast as it caters to various industrial sectors like food, textiles, pharmaceutical, agriculture, animal husbandry and more. Biotechnology includes diverse subjects apart from biology making it interdisciplinary. Along with the technical part and engineering applications, biotechnology is giving rise to various new fields with humongous job opportunities.

Scope for biotechnology as a career option is immense as we live in exciting times where there are amazing discoveries, new applications and innovative products on the market every day. There are various organisations that serve as great resources for those who are just entering the field of biotechnology. Biotechnologists are at the forefront of the continuous search to find new, sustainable food sources. They can work in various work environments like industrial sector, environmental sector, medical sector, food manufacturing, health-care and pharmaceuticals. Professionals in this field can specialise in one or more subfields like genomics, proteomics, and bioinformatics.

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy

BOT or Bachelor of Occupational Therapy is a job oriented undergraduate course. BOT medical course is based on the field of Occupational Therapy. The course duration is 4½ years and on completion, leads to a Bachelor’s Degree in Occupational Therapy. In this article, you will be reading about BOT course details, eligibility criteria, admission process, syllabus, PG courses & specializations, career prospects, job profiles and scope.

BOT is an undergraduate course. The course lasts for a period of 4½ years. Academic program is 4 years long. 6 months are dedicated towards internship. Science stream Biology Group (PCB subjects) students, who have passed 12th Science board examination from a recognized board are eligible to pursue this course. Candidate must also have scored a minimum score of 50% marks in PCB subjects (most institutes do have minimum marks criteria).

Diploma in General Nursing and Midwifery

Diploma in General Nursing and Midwiferyis an undergraduate Nursing course. Nursing and Midwifery focuses on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life from conception to death.
The time period of General Nursing and Midwifery is three academic year but it varies from institute to institute. The minimum time to complete the course is also differentiating from institute to institute. The course may also be available on part time basis in some certain institutes. The diploma course is an important and job orienting in nature.

  • Duration: 42 Months
  • Level: Diploma After 10+2
  • Type: Diploma
  • Eligibility: 10+2

Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology

B.M.L.T.or Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology is an undergraduate Medical Lab Technologist program. Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology program aims to provide the aspirant with sufficient knowledge and skills to carry out routine laboratory diagnostic procedures and some sophisticated laboratory diagnostic procedures. The course deals with new advances in Management of Laboratories, instrumentation etc. The duration of the course is three years and it is career orienting in nature and its syllabus is divided into six semesters.

Students should be passed in class 12th in Science with minimum 50% (45% for SC/ST) or equivalent CGPA for being eligible for this course.

  • Duration: 3 Years
  • Level: Graduation
  • Type: Degree
  • Eligibility: 10+2

Paramedical Courses After 12th

Paramedical courses are usually related to the allied healthcare sector. These courses are just as useful and job oriented as the courses directly related to the field of healthcare (nursing, medicine and pharmacy).

Paramedical courses trains students and turns them into skilled and qualified allied healthcare workers and technicians. Along with Doctors and Nurses, allied healthcare workers also play an integral role in the smooth functioning of the healthcare industry in India.

The demand for allied healthcare workers is on the rise in India. They are also in huge demand abroad, where their pay package is much better than what it is in India. Depending upon the type of the course, both 10th and 12th passed students are eligible to pursue paramedical courses in India.

Top Bachelors Degree Paramedical Courses

  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • B.Sc. in OTT (Operation Theatre Technology)
  • B.Sc. in Dialysis Technology
  • B.Sc. in MLT (Medical Lab Technology)
  • B.Sc. in X-Ray Technology
  • B.Sc. in Radiography
  • B.Sc. in Medical Imaging Technology
  • B.Sc. in Medical Record Technology
  • B.Sc. in Ophthalmic Technology
  • B.Sc. in Audiology and Speech Therapy
  • B.Sc. in Optometry
  • B.Sc. in Anaesthesia Technology

Top Diploma Paramedical Courses

  • Diploma in Physiotherapy
  • Diploma in Occupational Therapy
  • DOTT (Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology)
  • Diploma in Dialysis Technology
  • DMLT (Diploma in Medical Lab Technology)
  • Diploma in X-Ray Technology
  • Diploma in Radiography
  • Diploma in Medical Imaging Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Record Technology
  • Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant
  • Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology
  • DHLS (Diploma in Hearing Language and Speech)
  • Diploma in Anaesthesia Technology
  • Diploma in Dental Hygienist
  • Diploma in Rural Health Care
  • Diploma in Community Health Care

Top Certificate Paramedical Courses

  • Certificate in X-Ray Technician
  • Certificate in Lab Assistant/Technician
  • Certificate in Dental Assistant
  • Certificate in Operation Theatre Assistant
  • Certificate in Nursing Care Assistant
  • Certificate in ECG and CT Scan Technician
  • Certificate in Dialysis Technician
  • Certificate in Home Based Health Care
  • Certificate in Rural Health Care
  • Certificate in HIV and Family Education
  • Certificate in Nutrition and Childcare