Career Options for Science Stream Students

Career Options for Science Stream Students

Engineering Career

The field of Engineering has myriad options but is getting saturated. There are numerous colleges offering engineering courses and the number of graduates is increasing each year.

Some branches of Engineering are not saturated yet. Those are the core branches. Further, there are some new emerging branches, that haven’t been saturated too. Building a career in those branches will help for sure. So, selecting evergreen branches like Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering or Electrical Engineering will prove to be productive.

Also, branches like - Chemical Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Mechatronics, Bio Medical Engineering, Food Processing and Technology are not saturated yet. Selecting any of them will also help build a great and rewarding career.

Electrical Engineering

We are talking about the classic ‘Electrical Engineering’ here. This branch is one of the ‘Core Branches’ of Engineering. The course is tough and requires hard-work to score good marks. Most of the Engineering colleges in India offers this course. A new course based on Electrical Engineering has been introduced now. It is called Electrical and Electronics Engineering. It is also a good course.

Some of the important topics covered in this subject are - Engineering Mathematics, Electrical Machine Design, Power Systems, Control Theory, Power Electronics, Micro Controllers, Electromagnetism, Safety Management and Power Utilization. Along with theory classes, there also will be practical sessions. Lab sessions associated with this course are as important as the theory part.

After completing Undergraduate level B.E./B.Tech. Electrical Engineering program, graduates may go for PG technical course of M.E./M.Tech. Electrical Engineering. Various specializations are available, when it comes to the Master’s program. MBA is another top choice among graduates. Graduates may also go for short term technical courses such as wiring/piping technology. Such short-term courses are job and industry oriented.

When it comes to job opportunities, this branch is an ‘evergreen branch’. It means that you will easily get jobs after graduating. Most of the big industries require Electrical Engineers. Government job opportunities are also excellent, when it comes to Electrical Engineering branch. So, this is a top course to pursue. Job types available in front of graduates:-

  • Electrical Engineer
  • Plant Supervisor
  • Chief Engineer
  • Project Engineer
  • Consultant
  • Machine Designer


Private and Government organizations are known to be prime recruiters of Electrical Engineers. Some of them are-

  • BHEL
  • ONGC
  • DRDO
  • Indian Armed Forces
  • Panasonic
  • Godrej
  • Philips
  • TCS
  • Reliance Industries
  • Essar
  • Power Plants


Mechanical Engineering

It is a member of the ‘core branch’ of engineering. Mechanical engineers are required by almost all the industries. So, the job prospects after graduation are excellent and thus this branch is also an ‘evergreen branch’. Almost all of the Engineering colleges in India offer this course. A new course named Mechatronics Engineering has been introduced. It comprises of elements of both Mechanical and Electronics Engineering. This is also a top branch.

Mechanical Engineering covers topics such as - Engineering Mathematics, Physics, Fluid Mechanics, Dynamics of Machine, Theory of Machine, Material Science, Boilers, IC Engine, Machine Design, Product Design, Production Engineering, Industrial Drafting, Quality Engineering, Thermodynamics, Kinematics of Machine, Electrical Machine and Management. Workshop sessions are as important as the theory sessions, when it comes to Mechanical Engineering.

After completing Undergraduate level program, graduates may go for advanced PG courses such as M.Tech. Automobile Engineering, M.Tech. Production Engineering, M.Tech. Industrial Engineering etc. Other than such technical courses, management course like MBA is also popular among graduates. Graduates may also build a career in the Merchant Navy sector by taking up relevant Maritime courses after graduation.

It is an evergreen branch of engineering for jobs. Ample amount of Government and Private job opportunities are available in front of graduates. Some common job types found in India are:-

  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Quality Control Engineer
  • Production Engineer
  • Machine Design Specialist
  • Industrial Drafting Specialist
  • CAD Specialist


Government organizations and Private firms are known to recruit Mechanical Engineering graduates. Some well known recruiters are:-

  • TATA Motors
  • Indian Railways
  • BHEL
  • DRDO
  • HAL
  • Reliance Industries
  • JBM Auto
  • Ford India
  • Mahindra &Mahindra
  • Panasonic
  • AMW
  • Indian Armed Forces
  • BKT Tires


Civil Engineering

A very important branch of Engineering and one of the ‘core branches’. Job prospects after graduation are excellent. There are jobs available in both private sector and government sector.

Civil Engineering covers topics such as Engineering Mathematics, Physics, Town & City Planning, Geo technical Engineering, Structural Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Structural Design, Earthquake Engineering, Maintenance of Structures, Restoration of Structures, Irrigation Engineering, Disaster Assessment & Management, Surveying (Basic and Advanced), Concrete Technology and Computer Aided Design and Planning.

On completion of the Undergraduate level Civil Engineering program, graduates may go for various Master’s (M.Tech.) programs and specialize in promising disciplines. Some of the popular Master’s programs in India are- M.Tech. Civil Engineering, M.Tech. Geo technical Engineering, M.Tech. Coastal Structures and Port Engineering, M.Tech. Airport Engineering, M.Tech. Irrigation and Water Resource Engineering, M.Tech. Computer Aided Structural Engineering, M.Tech. Environmental Engineering, M.Tech. Structural Engineering and M.Tech. Environmental Engineering. Other than the above mentioned 2 years long Master’s courses, graduates may also go for short term courses such as- piping technology, CADD, wiring technology etc. Management course of MBA is also a popular choice among Indian Civil Engineering graduates.

Talking about job opportunities and career prospects, some of the common job types available in front of Civil Engineering graduates are:-

  • Civil Engineer
  • Chief Engineer
  • Site Engineer
  • Chief Planning Engineer
  • Site Supervisor
  • Consultant
  • Resource Management Officer


Ample amount of Government and Private job opportunities are present in front of Graduates. Some of the well known recruiters and areas of employment are:-

  • PWD
  • State wise Municipal Corporations
  • Town Planning Commission
  • Realty firms
  • Infrastructure management firms
  • Ports
  • NGOs
  • Reliance Industries
  • Essar
  • ONGC
  • Indian Railways
  • NHAI
  • L&T
  • TATA Realty and Infrastructure


Instrumentation And Control (IC) Engineering

Compared to other courses and branches, few colleges offer this course in India. This has resulted in a deficiency of IC graduates. The demand for IC Engineers is high but the supply is not enough. The job prospects are very good and the pay is also great.

IC Engineering covers topics like Automation, Control Systems, Engineering Mathematics, Robotics, Electronics, Electrical Systems, Sensors, Logical Controllers, Programming and Software.

After completion of Undergraduate level course, graduates may go for the PG course of M.Tech. Some well known Master’s programs available in India are- M.Tech. Instrumentation, M.Tech. Process Control and Instrumentation and M.Tech. Instrumentation and Control. Other than the 2 years long Master’s courses mentioned above, there also exists short term technical courses. Some such technical courses are - robotics, programming controllers and study of various software. Other than the technical courses mentioned above, graduates also go for management course- MBA.

When it comes to the field of Instrumentation and Control, some of the well known job profiles available after graduation are:-

  • Automation Engineer
  • IC Engineer
  • Programmer
  • Machine Designer
  • Automation Unit Supervisor
  • Independent Software developer
  • Data Analyst


Companies like Reliance, TATA consultancy recruits IC graduates each year consistently. Wherever there is Automation and Hydraulics involved, IC Engineers will be able to find a job in that Industry/Plant. Also, IC Engineers may independently develop Software and thus become self-employed.

Chemical Engineering

Again, this course, when compared with other branches and courses is offered by fewer number of colleges. It is an ‘Evergreen branch’, when it comes to job availability.

Chemical Engineering program covers the following topics- Organic Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Fluid Mechanics, Biochemistry, Thermodynamics, Safety Technology, Process Control, Petrochemicals, Fertilizers, Chemical reaction Engineering, Equipment Design, Chemical processes and Chemical plant design.
After course completion, graduates may go for M.Tech. (Master’s) program and specialize in a particular discipline. Some such specializations are- Nanotechnology, Biochemistry, Chemical Synthesis, Petrochemicals and Fertilizers.

Job profiles available in front of graduates:

  • Chemical Engineer
  • Chief Engineer
  • Plant Manager
  • Plant Designer
  • Safety Officer
  • Resource Manager


After Graduation, Graduates will be able to land high salary jobs at different Industries like - Chemical, Refining, Food Processing and Pharmaceutical Sectors. Not only private sector, Graduates will also be able to find jobs at Public sector giants such as ONGC, FACT, OIL etc. Sectors where graduates will find employment:-

  • Refineries
  • Chemical plants
  • Food Processing units
  • Fertilizer manufacturing units
  • Oil & Natural gas plants
  • Power plants
  • Pharmaceutical units


Engineering in Dairy Technology

Technology has advanced so much that the field of Dairy Sciences has been given an Engineering branch of its own. This branch deals with various aspects related to the dairy industry. Some of those aspects are - producing milk, processing it, machinery associated with it, transportation, innovating the processes, dealing with the byproducts, enhancing productivity, improving scientific involvement etc.

Topics covered in this course are - Dairy development, Dairy products, Organic Chemistry, Food Engineering, Quality Control and Assurance, Dairy Engineering, Animal Husbandry, Marketing, Dairy Plant design and maintenance, Dairy Plant operations management, Dairy products distribution, Food Science and Nutrition, Microbiology, Milk Management, Biotechnology, Refrigeration & Air Conditioning and Dairy Machinery.

After B.Tech, one may go for M.Tech. program or take up management course. These options are for those who are interested in advanced studies. For those looking for employment, the following sectors will be of help:-

  • State wise Food Boards
  • State wise Dairy Development Boards
  • Food Processing units
  • Private Dairy processing firms
  • Dairy farms
  • Banks (specializing in loans for farmers)
  • Dairy machinery manufacturing firms
  • Research firms


Job profiles related to this field are:

  • Dairy Engineer
  • Dairy Plant supervisor
  • Quality Control Officer
  • Resource Manager
  • Logistics Officer
  • Machine Designer
  • Research Engineer


Agricultural Engineering

This branch is all about merging Engineering and Agriculture to boost agricultural productivity and to enhance the existing processes, methods etc associated with farming. In a nutshell, it is associated with improving farming practices taking the help of Engineering. Studying M Tech and specializing in any niche within the field of Agriculture will prove to be of use. This will open doors that will lead you to the high salary paying R&D sector. Abroad, there is great demand for qualified R&D professionals who are familiar with this field.

Important topics covered in this course are- Chemistry, Irrigation Engineering, Soil Science, Water resource management, Agricultural Machinery, Energy sources, Product preservation, Product transportation, Land surveying and leveling, Biology, Food storage and marketing.

After completion of the course, relevant agricultural M.Tech. programs are available. Graduates may also go for management courses (MBA is the popular choice among graduates). Job profiles are:

  • Agricultural Engineer
  • Research Engineer
  • Purchase Manager
  • Logistics Officer
  • Resource Manager
  • Farm/Plantation Manager


Job opportunities are available in the Government as well as Private sector. Some popular areas of employment are:-

  • State wise Food Boards
  • Food Processing plants
  • Private farms and plantations
  • Agricultural Machinery manufacturing firms
  • Fertilizer firms


Engineering in Food Processing Technology

Many students give this branch less importance. They think that this field is not a ‘real Engineering’ branch. They give it less respect, if you ask me. But think again, Food Processing is a booming industry. Food is one of man’s basic necessities. As long as there is human life existent on this planet, there will be a demand for food and food processing experts. Graduates can easily land Government jobs as well as private jobs in Food Processing and Manufacturing Companies.

Important subjects present in this program are - Food Microbiology, Food Equipment, Formulation of food, Food Engineering operations, Technology of grains, Packaging technology, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, Food Preservation, Food Biochemistry, Food Quality Assurance, Storage Engineering and Flavor Technology.

Well known job profiles available in front of graduates are:

  • Quality Assurance Officer
  • Storage specialist
  • Logistics Officer
  • Plant Supervisor
  • Machine Designer
  • Research Engineer


Some of the well known areas of employment are:

  • State wise Food Boards
  • Food processing units
  • Packaging units
  • Logistics companies
  • Research firms
  • Food Industry Equipment manufacturing firms


Engineering in Agricultural Information Technology

This one is a revolutionary branch of Engineering. This will provide productivity boost that the field of Agriculture will have when it gets the added power of Information Technology. This course is all about creating professionals who will do just that. Job profiles related to this field are:-

  • Research Engineer
  • Information Technology Officer
  • Data Analyst
  • Data Scientist
  • Agricultural Officer


Agricultural Information Technology is a relatively new field. Job opportunities are limited to Government sector jobs and research related jobs. With time, more job opportunities will be generated.

Engineering in Dairy and Food Technology

From the name itself, one can make out that this branch is a combination of previous two entries - Dairy Technology and Food Processing and Technology. Going for this course means that you will get best of both the worlds. Areas of employment are:-

  • State wise Food Boards
  • State wise Dairy Development Boards
  • Food Processing units
  • Private Dairy processing firms
  • Dairy farms
  • Banks (specializing in loans for farmers)
  • Dairy machinery manufacturing firms
  • Research firms


Job profiles related to this field are:

  • Dairy Engineer
  • Dairy Plant supervisor
  • Quality Control Officer
  • Resource Manager
  • Logistics Officer
  • Machine Designer
  • Research Engineer


Renewable Energy and Environmental Engineering

The World is running out of non-renewable sources of energy. Plus, the non-renewable energy sources are messing up our environment, harming us. This is when renewable energy sources comes handy. Mankind is now investing lots of efforts towards researching and making use of such renewable sources of energy. This field of Engineering also points towards that direction.

Environmental Engineering graduates easily gets hired by MNCs, Government departments, NGOs etc. After Graduation, going for Law Education (focusing on Environmental Law) will add value to your CV as well as skill set.

Engineering in Construction Technology

A 5 years long course that is taught in CEPT (Center for Environmental Planning and Technology) University. This branch has got elements of Civil Engineering, but it can’t be compared to traditional Civil Engineering branch. Some of the elements of this course are - structural engineering, construction management, environmental engineering etc. In a nutshell, this branch is more than just Civil Engineering. The job opportunities are exciting, with big MNCs waiting for graduates and hiring them as soon as they complete the course.

Well known recruiters and areas of employment are:

  • Realty firms
  • Infrastructure management firms
  • Ports
  • NGOs
  • Reliance Industries
  • Essar
  • ONGC
  • Indian Railways
  • NHAI
  • L&T
  • TATA Realty and Infrastructure


Some more good and job oriented Engineering Branches. Here they are:

  • Marine Engineering
  • Naval Architecture
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Production Engineering
  • Mechatronics Engineering
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Biotechnology Engineering
  • Construction and Infrastructure Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Motorsport Engineering (emerging in India, offered by few Institutes at the moment)
  • Mining Engineering
  • Metallurgical Engineering
  • Automobile Engineering


Medical Career

MBBS and a Career in Medicine

In our society, a Doctor is often seen as God by many. This career is well respected in the society. But at the same time, this career also has lots of demands.

First of all, just getting MBBS degree won’t suffice. Nowadays, doing a Post Graduation course after completing MBBS has become a necessity. In fact, the trend of going for super speciality courses is catching up fast catching up. This means that a student, who is interested in making this a career must have patience. Because, completing all these studies and internships takes many years. Further, Doctors are like perpetual students. They keep on learning new things for the rest of their lives.

BDS and Career in Dentistry

Dentistry is becoming more and more saturated each day. Unlike MBBS, many colleges offering this course exist. Thus, the number of graduates is increasing.

But based on how skillful you are, you can build a rewarding career in this field. Like MBBS, PG and super speciality branches exist in this field also.

But unlike the career of an MBBS doctor, a dentist can afford to relax a bit. The nature of this work is not of as high intensity as that of an MBBS Doctor. You may try for a government career, private clinics or your own clinic after completing this course. The choice is yours to make.

Career in Veterinary Sciences

Well, like human beings, animals too suffer from diseases. In India, Animal Husbandry is flourishing. Thus, there is a huge demand for qualified Veterinary Doctors and Physicians in India.

You may build a great career in the Government sector or private sector, after doing this course. People are so busy, gazing at MBBS and BDS that they are missing this course, that provides good opportunities.

Alternative Therapies

Well, this is the Ayurveda or Unani or any other alternative therapy field. Upon completing degree, you’ll get the title of a Doctor. Right now, Ayurveda or Unani medicine is preferred by many, thanks to it being free of side effects to a large extent.

Career in Field of Pharmacy

In India, a pharmacist is often not given much importance. But abroad, in Europe and countries like America, they are treated like Doctors. And in many countries, Doctors just do diagnosis. It is the pharmacist who prescribes the drugs.

B Pharm followed by M Pharm will help you build a promising career. You may become a Lecturer or Research Scientist after doing it.

Another good course is Pharm D. It is like a combined version of B Pharm, M Pharm and bit if MBBS. Pharm D graduates are in high demand abroad.