Bachelor of Occupational Therapy

BOT stands for Bachelor of Occupational Therapy. It is a job oriented undergraduate course. BOT medical course is based on the field of Occupational Therapy. The course duration is 4½ years and on completion, leads to a Bachelor’s Degree in Occupational Therapy.

Occupational Therapy deals with patients having physical, mental, emotional and neurological limitations. It aims at improving the life, condition and rehabilitation of such handicapped and limited people through different modes of treatments such as- exercises, functional training, aiding devices and equipment, ergonomic training and environmental restructuring & adaptation.

The reason behind the handicap/limitation/condition of the patient could be any of the following- accident, stroke, cardiac disease, paralysis, depression, autism etc. It is the task of the Occupational Therapist to analyze the condition, evaluate possibilities, create treatment plan and provide the best available treatment and support to the patient. In short, it is similar to rehabilitation of a patient.

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy trains students and helps them become skilled professional occupational therapists, capable of undertaking independent/supervised practice. Key skills drilled into students during BOT course are- observation, clinical reasoning, treatment planning and implementation of the plan.

Course Details

BOT is an undergraduate course. The course lasts for a period of 4½ years. Academic program is 4 years long. 6 months are dedicated towards internship.

Eligibility Criteria

Science stream Biology Group (PCB subjects) students, who have passed 12th Scienceboard examination from a recognized board are eligible to pursue this course. Candidate must also have scored a minimum score of 50% marks in PCB subjects (most institutes do have minimum marks criteria).

Admission Process

Admission usually takes place through State wise/Central Medical Admission authority. It is based on merit marks. Marks scored by a student in State/all India level entrance test (depending upon the type of institute you want admission in) and 12th Science board examination are taken into consideration. Based on these marks, a merit list is made. Seats will be allotted to deserving students based on the merit list.

Alternative Courses

This section will be of help to those who failed to get admission in BOT course. If you are unable to pursue BOT course and are still interested in the field of Occupational Therapy, you may consider the following alternative courses

  • Diploma in Occupational Therapy
  • B.Sc. in Occupational Therapy
  • Certificate courses in Occupational Therapy


PG Courses

Pursuing a PG course will definitely add more value to one’s skill set! It helps one become more employable. One of the major advantages of pursuing PG course is that it helps one specialize in a particular discipline within the field of Occupational therapy. The most popular PG course among graduates is MOT. It stands forMaster of Occupational Therapy. It is a 2 years long PG course. MOT course could be used to specialize in the following disciplines

  • Paediatrics
  • Rehabilitation Science
  • Orthopaedics
  • Neurology
  • Psychiatry
  • Disability Management


Career Prospects And Job Opportunities

Many possibilities and job opportunities exist, when it comes to the field of Occupational Therapy. After graduation and getting practice license, one may start working at Government or Private hospitals/clinics/community health centres.

Teaching jobs are also available in front of graduates. BOT graduates may work as instructors at OT colleges/training institutes. For building a rewarding teaching career, pursuing a PG course is recommended. After completing PG course, one may work as a Lecturer at Government or Private OT Colleges/institutes.

Rehabilitation clinics are also known to recruit BOT graduates. Graduates may take on the role of rehabilitation specialist at such clinics. Patients who have been through trauma or a surgery are put through rehabilitation sessions. OT professionals may use their skills to aid the rehabilitation process of patients.

The ‘work abroad’ scope associated with this course is very promising. When it comes to developed countries such as the USA, the UK, Canada, New Zealand etc, healthcare system is very well developed. Governments there hire talented and skilled medical professionals from countries like India. Occupational Therapists are also in huge demand there.

International welfare associations as well as NGOs are also known to hire Occupational Therapists to help out needy people. Services offered by an OT professional is needed by people hailing from diverse age groups- from kids to old aged people. The demand for OT professionals is on rise. This trend has been the result of modern lifestyle.

Job profiles available in front of BOT graduates are

  • Occupational Therapist
  • Rehabilitation Specialist
  • OT Consultant
  • OT Nurse
  • Instructor/Teacher
  • Social Worker
  • Marketer (supporting equipment/devices)


Places/areas where graduates may find job are

  • Government Hospitals
  • Private Hospitals
  • Mental Hospitals
  • De-Addiction centres
  • Rehabilitation Clinics
  • Nursing homes
  • NGOs
  • International Welfare Bodies
  • OT Colleges/Training Institutes
  • Special Schools
  • Supporting equipment/devices manufacturing companies